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Child Neurology Consultants of Austin

Epilepsy & Seizures

Over two million people in the United States suffer from epilepsy, a neurological condition affecting the nervous system and triggering frequent seizures in patients. Seizures are disruptions in the normal electrical activity of the brain.

Epileptic patients almost always experience seizures, but it is important to note that not all seizures are caused by epilepsy.

Overview of Epilepsy & Seizures

Causes

Epilepsy can surface due to a wide variety of causes. Sometimes there is a genetic predisposition towards it, and sometimes the exact cause may never be established, which is the case for nearly half of those who suffer from it.

Potential causes for epilepsy in some infants and children include:

  • Brain malformations
  • Lack of oxygen during birth
  • Intracranial hemorrhage
  • Maternal drug use
  • Fever/febrile seizures
  • Brain tumor
  • Infection
  • Head trauma

Diagnosis

To determine if your child has epilepsy or another seizure-related disorder, our staff will review your medical history as well as specific details about any seizures experienced. Additional testing is commonly required and often includes:

Treatment

There are several medications available to help control seizures. Your child may need to try out a few different types to see which is most effective. If seizure medication does not work, there are alternative treatments including surgery, brain stimulation, and dietary and behavioral therapies. We will work with you to determine the best possible option for your child.

Other seizures we treat include:

(Adapted from the Epilepsy Foundation)

Resources

Child Neurology Consultants of Austin has several board-certified, fellowship-trained pediatric neurologists who can evaluate your child’s seizures, including epilepsy, and guide her treatment. To learn more, request an appointment online or call us at (512) 494-4000.